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The Russian Airborne Forces or VDV (from Vozdushno-desantnye voyska Rossii, Russian: Воздушно-десантные войска России, ВДВ; Air-landing Forces) is a separate troops branch of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation. The Russian Airborne Forces are well known for their mobility, utilizing a large amount of specifically designed vehicles built for airborne transport, as such, they are fully mechanized and traditionally have a larger complement of heavy weaponry than most contemporary airborne forces. The mission of theAirborne Assault Troops [VDV] is to make possible a quick response to national emergencies. The airborne troops are considered an elite force because they are individually selected from volunteers based on physical fitness, intelligence, and loyalty. By traditional military standards, the airborne troops are not a powerful force. Each division is assigned about 6,000 lightly armed troops with lightly armored vehicles. Their value is that they have special training and have operational and strategic mobility provided by long-range aircraft. Their parachute assault capability means that they can be deployed anywhere within airlift range in a matter of hours without the need for an air base in friendly hands. However, resupply and support by heavy ground troop formations are necessary in a matter of days because the airborne troops lack the self-sustaining combat and logistical power of regular ground forces. The Airborne Troops comprised five airborne divisions and eight air assault brigades in the mid-1990s (the USSR had seven airborne divisions). All of the airborne divisions were based in European Russia. One division ws based in the Northern Military District, two in the Moscow Military District, and one each in the Volga and North Caucasus districts. The division in the North Caucasus Military District took part in the Chechnya conflict. The eight airborne assault brigades are smaller than divisions, and they lack the armor and artillery assets that give conventional divisions ground mobility and firepower. Once the airborne brigades are on the ground, they can move no faster than walking speed. Their role is primarily focused on helicopter operations, but they also are trained for parachute assault from fixed-wing aircraft.

Возду́шно-деса́нтные войска́ (ВДВ) — отдельный род войск Вооружённых сил Российской Федерации, являющийся средством и предназначенный для охвата противника по воздуху и выполнения задач в его тылу по нарушению управления войсками, захвату и уничтожению наземных элементов высокоточного оружия, срыву выдвижения и развертывания резервов, нарушению работы тыла и коммуникаций, а также по прикрытию отдельных направлений, районов, открытых флангов, блокированию и уничтожению высаженных воздушных десантов, прорвавшихся группировок противника и выполнения других задач. По неофициальным данным, озвученным ТАСС (неназванный источник в Министерстве обороны) на 2015 год, численность ВДВ России составляла 45 000 военнослужащих. По зарубежным оценкам личный состав ВДВ насчитывает 45 000 военнослужащих. Состав ВДВ включает три главных компонента: десантно-штурмовой; парашютно-десантный; десантно-штурмовой (горный).